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V. Tudose, R. P. Fender, M. Linares, D. Maitra, M. van der Klis . The disc–jet coupling in the neutron star X-ray binary Aquila X-1. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 400, p. 2111, 2009.

Abstract: We study the accretion/ejection processes (i.e. disc/jet coupling) in the neutron star X-ray binary Aquila X-1 via a multiwavelength approach. We use in the radio band the publicly available Very Large Array archive containing observations of the object between 1986 and 2005, in the X-ray band the archival Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer data (Proportional Counter Array and High Energy X-ray Timing Experiment) between 1997 and 2008, and in optical (R band) observations with the Small and Moderate Aperture Research Telescope System recorded between 1998 and 2007. In the combined data set, we find three outbursts for which quasi-simultaneous radio, optical (R band) and X-ray data exist and focus on them to some extent. We provide evidence that the disc/jet coupling in Aquila X-1 is similar to what has been observed in black hole X-ray binaries, at least from the point of view of the behaviour in the hardness–intensity diagrams (the hysteresis effect included), when the phenomenology of the jet is taken into account. Although based on a very small number of observations, a radio/X-ray correlation seems to exist for this system, with a slope of alpha= 0.40 +/- 0.07 (F_radio ~ (F_X)^alpha ), which is different than the slope of alpha= 1.40 +/- 0.25 found for another atoll source, 4U 1728-34 , but interestingly enough is relatively close to the values obtained for several black hole X-ray binaries. No significant correlation is found between the radio and optical (R-band) emissions. We also report a significant drop in the radio flux from Aquila X-1 above an X-ray flux of ~5 X 10^{-9} erg cm^{-2} s^{-1} . This behaviour, also reported in the neutron star X-ray binary 4U 1728-34 , may be analogous to the suppression of radio emission in black hole X-ray binaries in bright, soft X-ray states. It suggests that from this point of view neutron star X-ray binaries can mimic the behaviour of black hole X-ray binaries in suppressing the jet in soft/disc-dominated X-ray states.

Keywords: accretion: accretion discs, radiation mechanisms: non-thermal, stars: individual: Aquila X-1, ISM: jets and outflows, X-rays: stars


Posted by Valeriu Tudose


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