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CSABA KUTASI, VIKTOR MARKÓ, ADALBERT BALOG. Species Composition of Carabid (Coleoptera: Carabidae) Communities in Apple and Pear Orchards in Hungary. ACTA PHYTOPATHOLOGICA ET ENTOMOLOGICA HUNGARICA, 39 (1–3), pp. 71-89, 2004.

Abstract: Species richness and composition of carabid assemblages were investigated on the ground surface of
differently treated (abandoned, commercial and IPM) apple and pear orchards in Hungary. Extensive sampling
was carried out by pitfall trapping in 13 apple and 3 pear orchards located in ten different regions. 28 230 individuals
belonging to 174 species were collected. Additional four species were collected by trunk-traps and 23
species were found during the review of earlier literature. Altogether 201 carabid species representing 40% of
the carabid fauna of Hungary were found in our and earlier studies.
The species richness varied between 23 and 76 in the different orchards, the average species richness
was 43 species. The common species, occurring with high relative abundance in the individual orchards in
decreasing order were: Pseudoophonus rufipes, Harpalus distinguendus, Harpalus tardus, Anisodactylus binotatus,
Calathus fuscipes, Calathus erratus, Amara aenea, Harpalus affinis and Pterostichus melanarius.
The species with wide distribution, occurring in more than 75% of the investigated orchards in decreasing
order were: Pseudoophonus rufipes, Trechus quadristriatus, Harpalus tardus, Harpalus distinguendus,
Pterostichus melanarius, Amara aenea, Amara familiaris Calathus fuscipes, Poecilus cupreus, Calathus ambiguus,
Calathus melanocephalus, Pseudoophonus griseus and Harpalus serripes. Species, which are rare in
Hungary, and therefore are interesting in respect of faunal research, were: Amara cursitans, Harpalus progrediens,
Notiophilus pusillus, Olisthopus rotundatus, Pangus scaritides and Parophonus hirsutulus.

Keywords: Apple, pear, pitfall trap, Coleoptera, Carabidae.


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