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C. J. Phillips, A. Deller, S. W. Amy, S. J. Tingay, A. K. Tzioumis, J. E. Reynolds, D. L. Jauncey, J. Stevens, S. P. Ellingsen, J. Dickey, R. P. Fender, V. Tudose, G. D. Nicolson. Detection of compact radio emission from Circinus X-1 with the first Southern hemisphere e-VLBI experiment. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 380, p. L11, 2007.

Abstract: Circinus X-1 has recently returned to a state of strong radio flaring. Here we report on the first VLBI observations, and detection, undertaken in the 25 years since the 19751985 period of strong recurrent flaring activity. We detected Circinus X-1 with the first observations conducted by a recently developed Southern hemisphere e-VLBI array, at both 1.6 and 8.4 GHz, over a three-day period. At 1.6 GHz, the compact source has a total flux density of 11 mJy and a size of 60 +/- 15 mas (Gaussian model full width at half maximum). At 8.4 GHz, the compact source is less than 60 mas. The size variation with frequency is consistent with a broadened image due to scattering in the turbulent, ionized interstellar medium of our Galaxy. However, these size measurements appear inconsistent with the lambda^2.2 variation expected for strong interstellar scattering and previous VLBI observations made at 2.3 GHz in the early 1980s. To explain this apparent inconsistency, we suggest that Circinus X-1 supports a weak, non-varying component of 35 mas extent (175 AU at 5 kpc distance), corresponding to compact structure in the extended radio nebula. No significant variation in the flux density at 1.6 GHz is evident between two observations 24 h apart. No jet-like structures are evident on scales of tens of mas, simply a scatter broadened source, presumably coincident with the suggested neutron star in the binary system.

Keywords: instrumentation: interferometers, techniques: interferometric, radio contunuum: stars, X-rays: stars, X-rays: individual: Circinus X-1

URL: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1745-3933.2007.00339.x

Posted by Valeriu Tudose

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