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J. Quilè s , C. Petrea, O. Moldovan, J. Zilhao, R. Rodrigo, H. Rougier, S. Constantin, S. Milota, M. Gherase, L. Sarcina and E. Trinkaus. Cave bears (Ursus spelaeus) from the Pestera cu Oase (Banat, Romania): Paleobiology and taphonomy. Comptes Rendus Palevol, 5/8, pp. 927-934, 2006.

Abstract: The 2002 discovery of the earliest European modern humans in the Pestera cu Oase (Romania) has led to systematic excavations of a bone bed (two levels), containing principally the remains of cave bears (ca. 5000 bones) and dated between 50 and 40 ka cal BP. The thanatocenosis corresponds mainly to a subadult and adult male utilization of the cavity. Levels 1 and 2 are distinguishable by different conservation processes demonstrating respectively low- and high-energy hydraulic transports. The heavy component of cannibalism may indicate bone processing for trace elements and/or a more omnivorous diet than is usually ascribed to cave bears.

Keywords: Cave bear; Romania; Taphonomy; Palaeobiology; Humans

URL: doi:10.1016/j.crpv.2006.09.005

Posted by Silviu Constantin

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