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I. Balteanu, O. P. Balaj, B. S. Fox-Beyer, P. Rodrigues, M. T. Barros, A. M. C. Moutinho, M. L. Costa, M. K. Beyer and V. E. Bondybey. Size- and Charge-state-dependent Reactivity of Azidoacetonitrile with Anionic and Cationic Rhodium Clusters Rhn±. Organometallics, 23, pp. 1978-1985, 2004.

Abstract: Gas-phase reactions of anionic and cationic rhodium clusters with azidoacetonitrile are studied by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometry under near-thermal conditions. All anionic and large cationic clusters react by adding [C2,N2] in consecutive steps, either by forming interstitial carbides and nitrides or by adding two CN groups to the cluster surface. Small cationic clusters behave differently, with the unimolecular decomposition of the azide determining the reactivity. Saturation is identified via the size-dependent efficiency of consecutive reaction steps. The present results are the first study of organic azides on transition metal clusters. The observed selectivity of the reaction is in contrast to the high exothermicity of any reaction with azide species. The cationic cluster reactivity shows a gradual transition from gas-phase to surface-like behavior with increasing cluster size.

Keywords: gas-phase reactions, anionic and cationic rhodium clusters, cluster reactivity

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