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Viorel Robert Barbu. The Idea of Creation in the Cappadocian Fathers and in the Philosophy of Greek Antiquity. 2013.

Abstract: The Argument from the beginning of the this research thesis presents the theological importance of the Cappadocian Fathers, which “would imply a radical reorientation of the classical Greek humanism, a view concerning man and one about existence, that the Ancient Greek thought proved unable to bring forth, despite of the numerous good results in philosophy” . The next chapter in called The Teaching about World Creation in Christianity – an Overview, with proofs from the Holy Scripture and Holy Fathers, focusing on a subject matter like: God, the Perfect Goodness, The Cause of Creation; The World Was Made of Nothing at the Commandment of God; The World Was Created Gradually; The Aim according to which God Made the World; The Son and Holy Spirit’s Contribution in the Creation Act. After that, the research touches The Idea of Creation in the Ancient Greek Philosophy, for the beginning being presented the periods of the Ancient Greek Philosophy. Significant philosophers like: Thales of Miletus, Anaximander, Anaximenes, Pyhtagoras of Samos, Heraclitus of Ephesus, Xenophanes of Kolophon, Parmenides of Elea, Zenon of Elea, Melisos, Empedocles of Akragas, Anaxagoras, Leucippus of Miletus, Democritus of Abdera, Plato (with his theory of knowledge and the metaphysics of ideas), Aristotle, and the Stoics would be studied from a dogmatic point of view. The transition chapter between the two big sections of the research thesis is From the Philosophy to Christianity, so that The Ideea of Creation in the Cappadocian Holy Fathers could then treat: The Manner in which the Cappadocian Holy Fathers related themselves to the Pagan Philosophy and Science; The Manner in which Holy Cappadocian Fathers Interpreted the Holy Scripture; The Trinitarian God – The Creator of the World; Saint Basil the Great (“Nine Homilies to the Hexaemeron”) on the Creation of the World, Saint Gregory the Theologian (“The 38th Homily)and Saint Gregory of Nyssa. In the end, the work draws its conclusions focused on the actuality and influence of the subject in the contemporary society.

Keywords: Cappadocian Fathers, classical Greek humanism, world creation

Posted by Viorel Robert Barbu

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