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Irina Rotaru. Wealth Between Heritage, Culture and Innovation. Collaborative Forms of Urban Governance as a Solution for the Creative Valorisation of the European Cities. 2014.

Rezumat: Starting from the present challenges, this research includes a broader analysis of the main trends and opportunities of the European cities and communities aiming to contribute to the advancement of the urban governance models.
This work is mainly addressed to the ones occupied in the public administration but may inspire anyone concerned with cities and urban development. It investigates possible ways to efficiently harmonise all the present efforts, movements and initiatives (of public, private, non-governmental or other origin) manifested in a city in order to support the sustainable valorisation of the built environment.
The two core elements are cultural heritage and people regarded as the instrumental assets of contemporary Europe, able to inspire the best solutions to the current multi-level crisis. The potential of cultural heritage as key distinctive competence of the European cities is conditioned by its full understanding and due valorisation. The motivation and empowerment of communities together with the synchronisation of the various conventional and alternative initiatives could provide to the traditional public administration the energies, resources and creativity needed for improving its performance. The idea is to make the public really public by finding ways to “open” the urban governance system to the general audience. Rather than investigating the mechanisms to determine social involvement, the attention is given to the possibilities to foster and effectively use the already existing energies.

Brighton was chosen as a case study due to its relevance for the present urban governance trends. Here mechanisms and practices are more evolved in many aspects, even if each feature is not necessarily met uniquely or for the first time here. Two main issues are investigated, namely the creativity interpretation in Brighton and the elements of collaborative urban governance visible here, focusing on the experiences related to the valorisation of the built cultural heritage. All examples are commented from a more comprehensive international perspective acquired through theoretical researches and comparisons with similar situations from other places.

Supported assumptions
1. Society and urban management trends are following a cyclical evolution. The same ideas and organisation models are periodically repeated in an updated form adjusted to the state of advancement of a certain era.
2. Collaborative contexts favour creativity
3. Given the complexity and extent of the actual problems of European cities and the present technical, social and cultural stage, in order to be effective, an urban governance model should pursue the active cooperation of all urban actors, hence acquire a collaborative character.
4. The effective relative value attributed by the local communities to various assets (and in particular to cultural heritage) plays more in the general evolution of a place than the largely acknowledged one
5. the present relevance of the network as a form of organisation that could be successfully adopted at the public administration level as well

Original contribution
- the analysis of the connection between collaboration and creativity;
- the critical investigation of the most recent alternative initiatives and collaborative practices designed for the valorisation of the urban built environment;
- the reinterpretation of the urban level participatory democracy from the perspective of the present technical, social and cultural status;
- the explanation of the circumstances that led to the spontaneous development of Brighton as a creative city, deriving some guiding principles that could inspire other similar successful cases;
- a contribution to the advancement of an up-to-date urban governance model based on the contemporary interpretation of democracy and allowing the sustainable valorisation of cultural heritage.

Cuvinte cheie: orașe europene, guvernanță urbană colaborativă, patrimoniu arhitectural, Brighton centru creativ, competitivitate urbană, inovare publică colaborativă, conversii neconvenționale

Adăugată pe site de Irina Rotaru


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